Amazing Facts About Garden Composts You will Love

One common problem that every gardener in the world has to deal with from time to time is how to get rid of pests. There are many ways of solving the garden pest problem, including organic gardening pest control. This method of eliminating garden pests is becoming more and more popular both for enthusiasts of organic indoor gardening and outdoor gardening

Different Types of Organic Gardening Pest Control Products

Choosing a specific type of organic gardening pest control method can be quite tricky primarily because of the wide array of choices available these days. Even gardening experts can’t decide which the single best method is because each has its pros and cons. For instance, some believe that sulfur and copper are excellent for pest control but others claim that these are unsafe for organic gardening.

A more neutral choice would be compost tea, which most gardening enthusiasts agree is the best in disease prevention among many plants, which holds a very high priority among most gardeners. For this reason, compost tea is considered one of the most popular organic gardening pest control products today.

One of the main reasons why organic gardening pest control has caused such a stir in the world of gardening is that besides its obviously high success rate, it also costs next to nothing. In fact, most of them can even be made at home using common and cheap items that most people already have lying around the house.

If you are not yet convinced of the merits of organic gardening pest control products, perhaps you need to learn more about it. Here are a few key points that can help you make up your mind.

For many years, companies have been producing organic indoor gardening and outdoor gardening supplies. Their lengthy experience has allowed them to perfect the combination of borax and attractants, making their products completely safe yet highly effective in killing pests in the garden.

An interesting thing to note is that borate pesticides are actually more effective when used in smaller doses, which will allow you to have a pest-free garden while saving more money.

The public has become much more informed about caring for the environment in recent years, which is probably why the organic method has become quite the trend in gardening these days. This is actually a win-win situation because while you are helping the environment by using natural substances, you are also helping yourself by saving money on cheaper and smarter gardening alternatives.

Turtle Facts: Understanding Captive Turtles 

Understanding common turtle facts are important for making the decision to own a turtle. Many pet owners see turtles as a low-maintenance pet that is more docile and easier to handle than other types of reptiles, such as snakes and monitor lizards. Most turtles are relatively mellow, making them good pets for young children or adults who want to handle them frequently, although it is important to use care in handling to avoid causing stress. While turtles commonly live in captivity, they are not domesticated and are still wild animals. The key to owning a happy, well-adjusted turtle is to provide them with an environment that simulates their natural home as closely as possible. This includes supplying a nutritionally complete diet and selecting a turtle species that works well with your lifestyle.


Choosing the type of turtle is especially important to pay attention to, since terrestrial land turtles are very different from aquatic water turtles. Generally, terrestrial turtles are easier to care for because they have fewer special needs. Aquatic turtles are very messy and require frequent water changes, large tank sizes, heavy filtration and careful attention paid to the water quality in their tank. Within the two types, there are many species. The two most popular types of terrestrial turtles are box turtles from the genus Terrapene and mud turtles from the genus Kinosternon or Sternotherus. The most popular aquatic turtles are sliders from the genus Trachemys and painted turtles from the genus Chrysemys. Studying some turtle facts related to each species should make it easier to decide what species is best.

Some species are illegal or uncommonly found in captivity, making them poor choices for pets. Most illegal species are species that pet owners have introduced or released into the wild in non-native areas. This leads to destruction of local flora and fauna that is unprepared to react to the new turtle species.

Terrestrial turtles can destroy endangered plant life, while aquatic turtles feed on local fish and insects in the area and diminish their populations. Other turtles are legal, but are rare in captivity so pet owners do not understand their needs very well. These turtles fail to thrive with the best care and may be unhappy or get sick easily since they are continually under stress.

Diet is one of the biggest parts of keeping a happy, healthy pet turtle. Most turtles appreciate meals on a regular schedule at the same time daily. The amount they eat depends largely on their age and environment. Turtles that live in cooler enclosures will be sluggish and eat smaller amounts, while turtles that are receiving the right amount to eat will eat more and remain more active.

Terrestrial turtles eat mostly fresh fruits and vegetables with a staple diet in the form of a pellet or gel food. Most aquatic turtles eat primarily a staple pellet diet supplemented by animal protein in the form of freeze-dried fish or crustaceans.

Dietary supplements are an important part of keeping turtles since there are many aspects of their dietary requirements that they cannot always get directly from fresh foods. Some turtles are fussier about eating fresh greens, or may not always eat their staple food. Many reptiles do not eat consistently all the time and may go through periods where they eat less, making it even more important that they get supplements when they eat normally.

Providing a supplement on a regular basis ensures that turtles always get the right amount of nutrients, even on days or during stretches where they are not eating as well as they should. Taking the time to familiarize yourself with turtle facts about feeding, species, and environment can help ensure that your pet turtle thrives.

Facts About Heart Valve Damage that You Should Know

Health Risks Heart Valve Damage

A recent Mayo Clinic study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine on August 28, 1997. This study suggests that as high as one-third of a patient sampling of Fen-Phen diet pill users had evidence of heart valve disease. The study found that there was a high incidence of heart valve disease in patients taking these diet pills, without any other known reason for valve disease.
The symptoms of heart valve disease may be subtle and present with such complaints as shortness of breath and chest pain. The treatment can include medication, a valvoplasty, or a repair of the damaged heart valves and/or heart valve replacement surgery.

Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH) PPH Treatments – Learn more

Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare disease of unknown cause that results in the progressive narrowing of the blood vessels of the lungs, causing high blood pressure in these blood vessels and eventually leading to heart failure.
Use of certain fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine has been found to increase the risk of developing PPH, especially use lasting more than three months. Studies estimate that treatment with certain appetite suppressant drugs increases the risk of getting PPH from about one to 28 cases per million person-years (one person-year represents a patient treated for one year).

Initial symptoms of PPH may be very minor, and diagnosis may be delayed for several years until symptoms worsen. Typical symptoms may include:
shortness of breath following exertion excessive fatigue dizziness, fainting, and weakness ankle swelling bluish lips and skin chest pain.

It is difficult to detect PPH in a routine medical examination. Even when the disease has progressed, the signs and symptoms may be confused with other conditions that affect the heart and the lungs. To determine if a patient has pulmonary hypertension, a physician may recommend a cardiac catheterization with, perhaps, angiography. PPH is diagnosed only after several possible causes of pulmonary hypertension are excluded; additional tests are usually needed.
The prognosis for patients with PPH can be quite variable. Many patients report that by changing some parts of their lifestyles, they can go about many of their daily tasks. The median period of survival is three years after diagnosis, although the survival rate is generally longer for those patients without heart failure and for those patients diagnosed after 40.
Primary pulmonary hypertension is treated with a number of drugs. None of the drugs cure or halt the progression of this disease, but they may relieve symptoms. Some patients take vasodilators, which help to dilate the blood vessels in the lungs, reducing the blood pressure in them. In addition, anticoagulants may be used to decrease the tendency of the blood to clot in the lungs.
Although some patients do well with medication, others may need and be eligible for transplantation. Patients with severe PPH may be candidates for lung transplantation or heart-lung transplantation.

Recommendation to have an Echocardiogram

If you have taken either fen-phen or Redux for more than three months and have any shortness of breath, chest pain or unusual fatigue, the Federal Drug Administration and the American Board of Cardiology recommend that you have an echocardiogram.